Transit of Venus

Transit of Venus

The whole world observed a rare phenomenon of solar system called “Transit of Venus” on 8th June’ 2004. The state of Nagaland also took part in it. This programme was a part of Year of Scientific Awareness (YSA) which was organized by Nagaland Institute of Health of Health Environment and Social Welfare (NIHESW) in collaboration with the Department of Science and Technology, Kohima, Nagaland.

Transit of Venus was observed in the state of Nagaland with the rest of the country under protective conditions. Elaborate arrangements were made to observe the Rare Event in all the districts. Telescope, solar viewer and Vigyan Prasar Science Activity Kit for Transit of Venus were distributed to all the districts of the state. It was a unique opportunity to watch this rare phenomenon. It is interesting to note there is no person living today who have witnessed such transit of Venus before. The last transit having taken placed 121 years ago.

The programme at Kohima was conducted at Mezhur Higher Secondary School, Kohima, graced by Shri. Deo Nukhu, Hon’ble Minister for Higher & Technical Education, Science & Technology and Information Technology, Nagaland, chaired by Lt. Dr. Inakhe Sumi, Ex Hony. Director, NIHESW, Shri. Rajiv Bansal, IAS Commissioner & Secretary, Science & Technology gave the welcome speech. Dr. Zavie Hiese and Dr. M. Devrani highlighted the signs of solar system and the significance of the Transit of Venus. Venus the goddess of love and peace shied away from observation due to inclement weather till 12:45 p.m. for the 1000 and odd participants from various schools of Kohima including public passersby. The transit was observed very clearly between 12:45 hrs and 15:30 hrs through solar viewer and telescopes with special solar filters. This visual observation is after a period of 121 years. The last transit of Venus was on 5 and 6 June 2012, and was the last Venus transit of the 21st century; the prior transit took place on 8 June 2004. The previous pair of transits were in December 1874 and December 1882. The next transits of Venus will be 10–11 December 2117, and 8 December 2125.

Reports from several districts like Dimapur, Zunheboto, Mokokchung, Phek, Tuensang, Mon, Peren and Alderville School Jotsoma, have given an overwhelming response so far. The Department of Science & Technology, Nagaland provided telescopes and solar viewer free of cost to the state consumers. The children also witnessed documentary shows on space shuttle Columbia STS-107 with astronaut Kalpana Chawla, Transit of Venus and Harness Water Resources for Safe Use.

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